Generates java code
Cup can only generate parsers with a single entry point. If multiple entry points
are given using the
entrypoint directive, only the first one will be used.
Otherwise, the first category defined in the grammar file will be used as the
entry point for the grammar.
Pygments is not really a compiler front-end tool, like lex and yacc, but a widely used syntax highlighter (used for syntax highlighting on github among others).
--pygments option, BNFC generates a new python lexer to be used
There is two ways to add a lexer to pygments:
- Fork the pygments codebase and add your lexer in
- Install your lexer as a pygments plugin using setuptools
In addition to the lexer itself, BNFC will generate an minimal installation
setup.py for the second option so you can start using the
highlighter right away without fiddling with pygments code.
Here is an example (assuming you’ve put the Calc grammar in the current directony):
virtualenv myenv # If you don't use virtualenv, skip the first two steps source myenv/bin/activate bnfc --pygments Calc.cf python setup.py install echo "1 + 2 - 3 * 4" | pygmentize -l calc
You should see something like:
Here is the LBNF grammar highlighted with the pygments lexer generated from it:
The generated lexer has very few highlighting categories. In particular, all keywords are highlighted the same way, all symbols are highlighted the same way and it doesn’t use context (so, for instance, it cannot differentiate the same identifier used as a function definition and a local variable...)
Pygments makes it possible to register file extensions associated with a lexer.
BNFC adds the grammar name as a file extension. So if the grammar file is
Calc.cf, the lexer will be associated to the file extension
.calc. To associate other file extensions to a generated lexer, you need to
modify (or subclass) the lexer.